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Go-Ahead for Waste to Energy Gasification Plant in Nottinghamshire, UK PDF Print E-mail

Peel Environmental’s plans for a 9.6 MW waste to energy gasification facility in Nottinghamshire, UK have been approved by the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government, Greg Clark MP.

Peel Environmental’s plans for a 9.6 MW waste to energy gasification facility in Nottinghamshire, UK have been approved by the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government, Greg Clark MP.

The Bilsthorpe Energy Centre comprises two elements. The first, a Materials Recycling Facility (MRF), will produce fuel and recover valuable recyclable materials from residual waste that would otherwise have been sent to landfill.

The second, a waste to energy gasification facility, will then use the fuel to create electricity and heat. Once built, the facility will divert up to 117,000 tonnes of waste from landfill and recover up to 22,000 tonnes of recyclable materials each year.

A planning application for the facility was originally approved by members of Nottinghamshire County Council in 2014, but was subsequently called-in for consideration by the government.

However, the Secretary of State has agreed with an inspector’s recommendation to grant consent for the Bilsthorpe Energy Centre following examination of the proposals.

According to the developer, the £70million Energy Centre to be developed in Bilsthorpe will create up to 330 Full Time Equivalent jobs during construction and 46 jobs permanent jobs once operational.

“Our plans will stimulate investment and bring new jobs to the area in addition to bringing a former industrial site back into productive use,” said Richard Barker, development manager at Peel Environmental.

“The Energy Centre will be a solution to some of the county’s waste challenges and will in turn create supply chain opportunities and a boost to the local economy of around £4 million per year,” he added.

Peel Environmental added that is also has a number of additional consented schemes such as the 21 MW Protos waste to energy plant in Cheshire and a 250,000 tonne per year anaerobic digestion and MRF plant in Glasgow.

 
300,000 TPA Farm Waste to Biogas Facility Opened in Denmark PDF Print E-mail

Utility firm, E.ON Denmark, has opened a 300,000 tonne per year Grøngas Vraa organic waste to biogas anaerobic digestion facility.

Utility firm, E.ON Denmark, has opened a 300,000 tonne per year Grøngas Vraa organic waste to biogas anaerobic digestion facility.

The company said that the 115 million crown ($17.5 million) facility will produce biomethane from manure and organic wastes and is directly connected to the Danish gas network.

The new biogas plant in Vrå will process 300,000 tonnes of biomass annually, of which approximately 250,000 tonnes is expected to be manure that would otherwise have ended up as untreated on fields.

"When we open the taps for the new biogas plant today, we make it easier to convert manure and food scraps to green energy,” commented Tore Harritshøj, adm. director of E.ON Denmark.

He added that the plant will also reduce Denmark's CO2 emissions by approximately 25,000 tonnes annually.

The biogas plant, which is the size of 12 football fields, is expected to supply the Danish gas grid with approximately 9 million. cubic meters of biomethane. This corresponds to the annual consumption of 4300 cars or 250 buses if they were running on biogas or the gas consumption of 6500 homes.

E.ON noted that there is still a long way to meet Denmark’s policy objectives of converting 50% of the country’s manure into biogas by 2020. With Grøngas online and several new plants  due for completion in 2016 it said that barely 15% of Danish manure is now used for biogas production.

The company said that the Grøngas Vraa employs approximately 10 people.

 
FuelCell Energy's Cheap, Green, World-Scale Hydrogen Byproduct - fcel PDF Print E-mail

Summary

  • Exxon Mobil and FuelCell Energy carbon capture process will produce world-class hydrogen as a byproduct.
  • Green, cheap hydrogen can be used to manufacture other industrial chemicals for use by industry.
  • Current hydrogen production estimated at $100 billion industry and growing.
  • Carbon capture implementation and associated hydrogen production would offset the need for new hydrogen steam reforming plants.

Exxon Mobil and FuelCell Energy Carbon Capture Process

Exxon Mobil (NYSE:XOM) and FuelCell Energy (NASDAQ:FCEL) are moving forward with a carbon capture process that promises to make it cost effective to implement while producing additional electricity (in contrast with current methods that parasitically consume electricity) and large amounts of useful hydrogen as a byproduct of the process.

I first wrote about the hydrogen being produced as a byproduct of the carbon capture process being used to refuel fuel cell electric vehicles, FCEVs, in a race between Tesla (NASDAQ:TSLA) and Toyota (NYSE:TM). While I believe this is a logical and game-changing use for the additional hydrogen, there are plenty other significant uses for the hydrogen and industries that will also benefit from this process. While Exxon Mobil owns 10,000 gas stations in the US, it is also the world's largest oil, natural gas and refining company and thus a large consumer of hydrogen. Either way cheap, green hydrogen clearly would prove to be an additional source of revenue and/or savings for Exxon Mobil.

Note this comment from Exxon Mobil's website regarding the production of hydrogen as a byproduct of this new carbon capture process:

"In addition, carbonate fuel-cell technology has the potential to generate significant volumes of hydrogen. Simulations suggest that the new technology can produce up to 150 million cubic feet per day of hydrogen while capturing carbon dioxide from a 500 MW power plant. To put that in perspective, a world-scale steam methane reforming hydrogen plant produces around 125 million cubic feet per day. In addition, synthesis gas, or syngas, composed of hydrogen and carbon monoxide, can be produced that can be upgraded to other useful products such as methanol, olefins, or higher molecular weight hydrocarbons for transportation fuels or lubricants".

Current Hydrogen Production

Today, 95% of the hydrogen produced in the United States is made by natural gas reforming in large central plants using fossil fuels with the associated costs and pollutants. Total hydrogenconsumption in oil refineries is estimated at 12.4 billion standard cubic feet per day, which equates to an average hydrogen consumption of 100-200 standard cubic feet per barrel of oil processed. It is estimated that hydrogen production is a $100 billion industry and plays a key role in modern society.

As an example, industrial gas provider Air Products (NYSE:APD) is constructing a new steammethane reformer unit on land leased from Covestro (OTC:CVXTY), a polymer manufacturer located in Baytown, Texas. It will produce approximately 125 million standard cubic feet of hydrogen per day, in addition to carbon monoxide gases, which will go to Covestro and other customers associated with Air Products' Gulf Coast hydrogen and CO pipeline networks. Air Products will invest about $350-400m to build, own and operate the plant, with commissioning scheduled by 2018. This is just one example of hydrogen production here in the US.

Conclusion

The addition of fuel cells to existing power plants throughout the world would provide enough additional hydrogen as a byproduct of carbon capture to offset the need for new steam reforming hydrogen production facilities. This would save the cost of construction, the methane fuel source and the power required to produce hydrogen. It would also propel the adoption of this model to worldwide implementation of FuelCell Energy's fuel cell carbon capture application.

I believe FuelCell Energy will see the greatest year-over-year revenue growth with expanding margins from this and many other applications. Its current market cap is barely above its cash value, if at all. Once it begins to show a consistent recurring profit, the company's share price should represent the expected significant revenue growth. However, Exxon Mobil is also a major consumer of hydrogen and the associated byproducts. Conceivably, this should have a significant impact to its revenue and bottom line. The details of the contractual arrangement between Exxon Mobil and FuelCell Energy are not public yet, but it seems clear that they both stand to benefit greatly from this recent innovation.

Ultimately, this is a win-win for the environment.


 
US CHP and Fuel Cell Capacity Set to Grow 11GW by 2026 PDF Print E-mail

Today, 8 percent of all U.S. electricity generation capacity comes from customer-sited CHP and fuel cells.

by Mike Munsell 
May 19, 2016
 According to GTM Research’s latest report, CHP and Fuel Cells 2016-2026: Growth Opportunities, Markets and Forecast, 11 gigawatts of new customer-sited fuel-based generation will be deployed in the U.S. over the next decade. GTM Research forecasts that the cumulative U.S. CHP and fuel cell market will grow from 84 gigawatts today to 95 gigawatts by 2026.CHP adoption is increasingly driven by non-industrial customers, while corporations and data centers in a few select states continue to drive U.S. adoption of fuel cells. Today, four U.S. states make up 90 percent of all fuel cell installations: California, Connecticut, Delaware and New York.


FIGURE: Top Fuel Cell Applications in Major U.S. State Markets


 

Source: CHP and Fuel Cells 2016-2026: Growth Opportunities, Markets and Forecast

“Fuel-based DG has and will continue to play a significant role in the U.S. electricity system, as the U.S. grid infrastructure ages and the need for cleaner and affordable generation options increases,” says Shibata. “We may be close to a tipping point for the market to start growing again, but among new customer segments and applications.”

 
Krylov State Research Center presents hydrogen fuel cell battery with electrical power of 5k PDF Print E-mail

2016 May 20 10:29

 Ship Electric Engineering & Technology Institute (TSNII SET), a branch of Krylov State Research Center, has presented a hydrogen fuel cell battery with electrical power of 5kW, IAA PortNews journalist reports. The innovative technology allows for reduction of hazardous emissions (10 times) and shipping costs due to high characteristics of fuel cells (hazardous emissions - 0%, efficiency coefficient 50-60%, quietness, durability). 


“Most of domestic vessels have long been failing to meet the environmental requirements set at many foreign ports. This is so much the case, that some vessels are not allowed to call the world’s leading ports,” says Igor Landgraf, Deputy Director of TSNII SET hydrogen energy department (HED) – HED Chief Designer.

Water is the only byproduct of such energy units, hence the zero impact on the environment, explained TSNII SET representative. 

“Conventional fuel can be used when crossing the ocean and vessels can be switched to the environmentally friendly energy (hydrogen fuel) when approaching the ports’ water area. Fuel conversion technology hardly requires any special equipment,” explained Igor Landgraf.  According to him, R&D already completed by Baltsudoproekt CDB (Krylov Center) is intended for creation of a fuel cell power plant. This R&D will be applied at the hydrographic research ship of Project 23340. The fuel cell power plant and the ship are under parallel development. 

“Pilot projects based on the use of hydrogen fuel have already been launched in Norway and Finland, such vessels are already afloat. The projects of this kind are usually funded by the state as they are associated with venture investments”, told Mikhail Kasatkin, Head of Chief Designer Department at Krylov Center. 

The Krylov State Research Centre is one of the world’s major ship research & design centres established in 1894. Over its century-long efforts in the field of innovative R&Ds for the benefit of national shipbuilding, in the best interests of the country’s defence and economic development, the Krylov Centre has accumulated the wealth of unique expertise in development of naval ships, commercial vessels and offshore structures. The Krylov Centre responsibilities cover the full scope of ship qualities including seaworthiness, strength, powering, acoustics, electromagnetic signatures, nuclear & radiation safety, definition of ship concepts meeting the combination of the above requirements.

 
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